Dividends for children in Poland !

Summary:


1. Programme called “500+”
embraces 3,82 million children until 18 year of age that is 55% of all children
in this age range. Every second and next child receives 500 zloty a month with
no conditions. Money are free of tax and seizure.
2. Programme concerns every second and next
child in family. For the first child net income per member of family cannot
exceed 800 zloty to receive benefits (500 zloty).
3. Poland spends on this programme 23
billion zloty a year. All national expenses total: is 850 billion zloty.
4. Results of programme:
– drop of 10% of people using social help
and food help
– poverty dropped of 48%, and extreme
poverty of 94%
– from November 2016 increased the number
of newborn children of 14%. In 2016 was born 16 thousand children more than in
2015. In 2017 is expected growth of 25-35 thousands children
– parents spend more time with children
(increase of 14%)
– improve of relations in marriages (of
15%)

– some of the women resigned from jobs to
stay at home with the children  

Poland’s
ruling party bets on child subsidy to prop up support

By Justyna Pawlak and Tadeusz Kolasinski | WARSAW
Poland’s conservative
government is betting on a new child subsidy to prop up its ratings and boost
confidence in the European Union’s sixth largest economy.
Opinion polls suggest
the 500+ subsidy, introduced in April and named after the monthly 500 zlotys
($126) per child it offers, is proving popular for the governing Law and
Justice (PiS) party as it battles accusations of undermining democracy.
But some women’s
groups and opponents say it reinforces an outdated, stereotypical image of
women and helps the PiS divert attention from the charges that it has ridden
roughshod over the rule of law by trying to shackle the constitutional court.
Monika Rybicka, a
25-year-old mother of two, is a beneficiary of the 500+ subsidy, an important
part of the PiS’ successful election campaign last year. But she also sees
potential pitfalls.
“It’s a good move
by the state. They noticed us and helped us,” said Rybicka, who lives with
her baby twins in social housing in the small town of Wyszkow, about 60 km (37
miles) northeast of Warsaw.
She says the
additional 1,000 zlotys she receives each month, in a country were the average
wage is 4,250 zlotys per month, is a “huge help” and she can now
afford better things.
But Rybicka, who was
unemployed before she gave birth, acknowledges the subsidy is high enough to
discourage some mothers, especially those who are poorly paid or out of work,
from seeking a job or returning to their former workplace.
“If you have two
children and you earn 1,500 zlotys (a month) then you can quit your job, take
the subsidy and stay at home,” she said.
“You can save
money by staying at home. Day care is costly. So you can stay at home and maybe
make some money under the table.”
ROLE OF WOMEN
The child subsidy is
meant to help 2.7 million families in the country of 38 million people which
shook off communist rule in 1989 and joined the European Union in 2004.
Economists say it is
expected to bolster the economy by fuelling consumption, at least in the short
term.
It was followed this
month by another important move to boost the economy — a shake-up of the
pension system which economists say will help finance welfare spending.
A report by
PriceWaterhouseCoopers showed Poland offers the highest child subsidy of any
central and eastern European country in the EU. But it is less than in France,
which offers 130-167 euros ($144-185) per month, Ireland, which provides 135
euros, and Germany, where the subsidy is 184–215 euros.
Employers’ groups,
recruiters and unemployment officials say the number of mothers from poorer
families quitting their jobs has grown since the subsidy was launched.
“We estimate that
as many as 200,000 to 250,000 people may leave the workforce because of the
subsidy,” said Krzysztof Inglot of the human resources company WorkService
based in southwestern Poland.
He said that receiving
a subsidy for two children gave women “a logically perfect argument”
to give up work, stay at home and save on childcare. This worries opponents of
the PiS’ drive toward a more conservative society.
“A woman’s role
is tied to her job as a mother in the PiS thinking,” said Malgorzata
Druciarek of the liberal Institute of Public Affairs think tank. “Giving women
direct payments (for children) bolsters this stereotype.”
The Congress of Women,
a women’s lobby group, has said the proposal will discourage women from working
and therefore hit their pensions.
STEADY POLL RATINGS
The new subsidy is
part of efforts by PiS to carry out promises it made in last October’s
parliamentary election to provide more economic fairness and revive national
pride.
It also coincides with
its policy of promoting traditional values in the predominantly Roman Catholic
country and attempts to increase the birth rate to give the economy a lift.
Economists say the
subsidy’s cost is prohibitive at an estimated 23 billion zlotys a year, or just
under half of Poland’s fiscal deficit.
But it is proving
effective for the government. Opinion polls show the PiS’ popularity ratings
are between 35 and 40 percent — around the same level as when it won a
parliamentary election in October with 38 percent of the votes.
The subsidy appeals —
and is especially beneficial — to poorer people in small towns and villages,
the traditional PiS electorate which felt neglected by the centrist Civic
Platform that led Poland from 2007 until October.
The popularity of the
subsidy has made it hard for the opposition to criticize it and has also helped
offset concern and protests over changes to the constitutional court which
critics, including the United States and the EU, say remove checks and balances
on lawmakers, undermining democracy.
“(The subsidy) is
a key factor behind the people’s willingness to vote for PiS even though they
understand what it does is a threat to democracy,” said Aleksander Smolar,
a liberal political analyst who runs the Stefan Batory Foundation.
A poll in April showed
60 percent of Poles are worried about the future of democracy, but another
survey showed Poles have never been more optimistic about their economic
situation.
PiS leader Jaroslaw
Kaczynski has blamed recent protests against the government on
“post-communists” resisting change.
“But we have been
able to show a clear prospect for good changes, which will affect many people.
For many, the 500+ subsidy is a concrete change,” he told the rightist
weekly wSieci.
(Additional reporting
by Pawel Sobczak, Marcin Goettig, Wiktor Szary and Jakub Iglewski, Editing by
Timothy Heritage)
This is internet address for this
article:
My comment:
in article is mentioned average wage in
Poland that is 4250 zloty per month. With statistical average wage is like with
statistical number of legs between man and horse: both they have in average 3
legs.

70% of the people in Poland earn below the
average wage. Most of the people earn in Poland 2500 zloty brut. 

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