Dividends & robot’s massive productions

The source is:
William F. Hixson, Triumph of the Bankers. Money and Banking
in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Westport,
Conn./London: Praeger, 1993, p.56.
ISBN 0-275-94607-X
Libr of Congr no. 93-296

Prof Dr Joseph Huber
Sybelstr. 37, D-10629 Berlin
joseph.huber@t-online.de
www.soziologie.uni-halle.de/huber
Tel   +49 (0)30 323 12 16  
Mobil  +49 (0)170 419 2513   
 
 

Social Credit

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Social credit is an interdisciplinary distributive philosophy developed by C. H. Douglas (1879–1952), a British engineer, who wrote a book by that name in 1924. It encompasses the fields of economics, political science, history, accounting, and physics.
Its policies are designed, according to Douglas, to disperse economic
and political power to individuals. Douglas once wrote, “Systems were
made for men, and not men for systems, and the interest of man which is self-development, is above all systems, whether theological, political or economic.”[1]
Douglas said that Social Crediters want to build a new civilization
based upon “absolute economic security” for the individual, where “they
shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid.”[2][3] In his words, “what we really demand of existence is not that we shall be put into somebody else’s Utopia, but we shall be put in a position to construct a Utopia of our own.”[4]
It was while he was reorganising the work at Farnborough during World
War I that Douglas noticed that the weekly total costs of goods
produced was greater than the sums paid out to individuals for wages,
salaries and dividends. This seemed to contradict the theory put forth
by classic Ricardian economics,
that all costs are distributed simultaneously as purchasing power.
Troubled by the seeming disconnect between the way money flowed and the
objectives of industry (“delivery of goods and services”, in his view),
Douglas set out to apply engineering methods to the economic system.
Douglas collected data from over a hundred large British businesses
and found that in every case, except that of companies heading for
bankruptcy, the sums paid out in salaries, wages and dividends were
always less than the total costs of goods and services produced each
week: consumers did not have enough income to buy back what they had
made. He published his observations and conclusions in an article in the
English Review where he suggested: “That we are living under a
system of accountancy which renders the delivery of the nation’s goods
and services to itself a technical impossibility.”[5]
He later formalized this observation in his A+B theorem. Douglas
proposed to eliminate this gap between total prices and total incomes by
augmenting consumers’ purchasing power through a National Dividend and a
Compensated Price Mechanism.
According to Douglas, the true purpose of production is consumption,
and production must serve the genuine, freely expressed interests of
consumers. In order to accomplish this objective, he believed that each
citizen should have a beneficial, not direct, inheritance in the
communal capital conferred by complete access to consumer goods assured by the National Dividend and Compensated Price.[6] Douglas thought that consumers, fully provided with adequate purchasing power, will establish the policy of production through exercise of their monetary vote.[6] In this view, the term economic democracy does not mean worker control of industry, but democratic control of credit.[6] Removing the policy of production from banking institutions, government, and industry, Social Credit envisages an “aristocracy of producers, serving and accredited by a democracy of consumers.”[6]
The policy proposals of social credit attracted widespread interest
in the decades between the world wars of the twentieth century because
of their relevance to economic conditions of the time. Douglas called
attention to the excess of production capacity over consumer purchasing
power, an observation that was also made by John Maynard Keynes in his book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.[7]
While Douglas shared some of Keynes’ criticisms of classical economics,
his unique remedies were disputed and even rejected by most economists
and bankers of the time. Remnants of Social Credit still exist within social credit parties throughout the world, but not in the purest form originally advanced by Major C. H. Douglas.

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