Les adversaires du vote électronique montent au front. Des députés vaudois, allant d’A Gauche toute! jusqu’à l’UDC, le jugent même dangereux pour la démocratie. Ils ont déposé une motion demandant au canton de l’interdire.
Dans les autres cantons du consortium (Zurich, Argovie, Grisons, Schaffhouse et Thurgovie), le premier vote électronique interviendra lors du scrutin du 28 novembre 2010.
Lucerne s’ est joint aussi au wagon des tricheries facilitées.
Dans Vote par Internet : des experts très sceptiques, un article dans ZDNet le 4 août 2006, j’écrivais notamment: “Enfin et surtout, le vote par Internet (par différence avec un vote électronique « simple », où le votant est « dans » le bureau de vote et non à distance) crée un changement radical à la « portée de nuisance d’un fraudeur potentiel » : le rapport Pellegrini mentionne les attaques par déni de service (ou DDoS) et surtout celles où l’électeur pourrait croire que son vote a été pris en compte alors qu’il aurait été bloqué et effectué pour lui en en changeant éventuellement le contenu sans qu’il s’en aperçoive.
For more information about the dangers of electronic voting, see http://www.fipr.org/eDemocracy/index.html.
Richard Matthew Stallman is a software developer and software freedom activist. In 1983 he announced the project to develop the GNU operating system, a Unix-like operating system meant to be entirely free software, and has been the project’s leader ever since. With that announcement Stallman also launched the Free Software Movement. In October 1985 he started the Free Software Foundation.
The GNU/Linux system, which is a variant of GNU that also uses the kernel Linux developed by Linus Torvalds, are used in tens or hundreds of millions of computers, and are now preinstalled in computers available in retail stores. However, the distributors of these systems often disregard the ideas of freedom which make free software important.
That is why, since the mid-1990s, Stallman has spent most of his time in political advocacy for free software, and spreading the ethical ideas of the movement, as well as campaigning against both software patents and dangerous extension of copyright laws. Before that, Stallman developed a number of widely used software components of the GNU system, including the original Emacs, the GNU Compiler Collection, the GNU symbolic debugger (gdb), GNU Emacs, and various other programs for the GNU operating system.
Stallman pioneered the concept of copyleft, and is the main author of the GNU General Public License, the most widely used free software license.
Stallman gives speeches frequently about free software and related topics. Common speech titles include “The GNU Operating System and the Free Software movement”, “The Dangers of Software Patents”, and “Copyright and Community in the Age of the Computer Networks”. A fourth common topic consists of explaining the changes in version 3 of the GNU General Public License, which was released in June 2007.
In 1999, Stallman called for development of a free on-line encyclopedia through the means of inviting the public to contribute articles.
After personal meetings, Stallman has obtained positive statements about free software from the then-President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, from French 2007 presidential candidate Ségolène Royal, and from the president of Ecuador Rafael Correa. In Venezuela, Stallman has promoted the adoption of free software in the state’s oil company (PDVSA), in municipal government, and in the nation’s military.
Stallman’s writings on free software issues can be found in Free Software, Free Society (GNU Press, ISBN 1-882114-98-1). He has received the following awards:
- 1986: Honorary life time membership in the Chalmers Computer Society
- 1990: Receives a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship
- 1990: The Association for Computing Machinery’s Grace Murray Hopper Award “For pioneering work in the development of the extensible editor EMACS (Editing Macros).”
- 1996: Honorary doctorate from Sweden’s Royal Institute of Technology
- 1998: Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Pioneer award
- 1999: Yuri Rubinsky Memorial Award
- 2001: The Takeda Techno-Entrepreneurship Award for Social/Economic Well-Being
- 2001: Honorary doctorate from the University of Glasgow
- 2002: United States National Academy of Engineering membership
- 2003: Honorary doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel
- 2004: Honorary doctorate from the Universidad Nacional de Salta, in Argentina
- 2004: Honorary professorship from the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería del Peú
- 2005: Fundazione Pistoletto prize
- 2007: Honorary professorship from the Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, in Peru
- 2007: First Premio Iternacional Extremadura al Conocimiento Libre
- 2007: Honorary doctorate from the Universidad de Los Angeles de Chimbote, in Peru
- 2007: Honorary doctorate from the University of Pavia
- 2008: Honorary doctorate from the Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, in Peru
- 2009: Honorary doctor of science degree from Lakehead University in Canada
Stallman graduated from Harvard in 1974 with a BA in physics. During his college years, he also worked as a staff hacker at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab, learning operating system development by doing it. He wrote the first extensible Emacs text editor there in 1975. He also developed the AI technique of dependency-directed backtracking, also known as truth maintenance. In January 1984 he resigned from MIT to start the GNU project.
(this biography was published in the first edition of “The Hacker’s Dictionary”.)
I was built at a laboratory in Manhattan around 1953, and moved to the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab in 1971. My hobbies include affection, international folk dance, flying, cooking, physics, recorder, puns, science fiction fandom, and programming; I magically get paid for doing the last one. About a year ago i split up with the PDP-10 computer to which I was married for ten years. We still love each other, but the world is taking us in different directions. For the moment I still live in Cambridge, Massachusetts, among our old memories. “Richard Stallman” is just my mundane name; you can call me “rms”.
(jpeg 2k) (jpeg 64k) There is a black-and-white photograph of me as a 5820K Encapsulated Postscript file, a 3762K JPEG file, and a 5815K TIFF file.
Here is a color photo in JPEG format.
- Sometimes people write asking questions about how I use software. Here is some info on my computer use
- People also sometimes ask about my musical tastes as similar things. Some info on that is on this page.
- Predicting the attack on Pearl Harbor
“You assist an evil system most effectively by obeying its orders and decrees. An evil system never deserves such allegiance. Allegiance to it means partaking of the evil. A good person will resist an evil system with his or her whole soul.”-Mahatma Gandhi
A photo taken by Bill Ebbesen at the Danish Technical University on 2007/03/31. It is free to use and redistribute (placed in the public domain worldwide by the original copyright holder).
Photos from Copyright vs. Community event, Jan 31, 2008.
A photo from a recent interview.A photo of RMS with a large “aureole” by Roberto Brenlla.
An imaginative painting of Richard Stallman, by Jin Wicked.
Another drawing of me, by Banlu Kemiyatorn.
I like computers, music and butterflies—among other things.
Here I am wearing my “power tie”.
Here I am struggling to open a bottle of water.
My application to an Ex Boyfriends List
What Republicans Believe.
I am also a saint, in the Church of Emacs–Saint IGNUcius. The Church of Emacs will soon be officially listed by at least one person as his religion for census purposes.
There are no godfathers in the Church of Emacs, since there are no gods, but you can be someone’s editorfather.
Here are my funny poetry and song parodies and some puns.
Stallman Does Dallas: “I have to warn you that Texans have been known to have an adverse reaction to my personality . . . “
The Dalai Lama today announced the official release of Yellow Hat GNU/Linux.
I found A funny song about the Mickey Mouse Copyright Act (officially the Sonny Bono Copyright Act) which extended copyright retroactively by 20 years on works made as early as the 1920s.
If you are a geek and read Spanish, you will love Raulito el Friki, who said “Hello, world!” immediately after he was born. Here’s an archive of this now-defunct comic strip.
My Puns in Spanish
Other sites and organizations of interest:
- Israel is gradually eliminating human rights in order to crush nonviolent political opposition to its apartheid-style policies. Look here for more information.
- John Sundman has published some science fiction novels under CC by-nd-nc. I read one, Acts of the Apostles, and liked it.
- Reports on legal resistance to the record companies’ lawsuits against music fans.
- Full Frontal Scrutiny exposes phony “consumer groups” funded by business.
- Courtney Love explains how the record companies are the real “music pirates” — and also why you should not refer to artistic works as “content”. (However, she used the term “intellectual property” which is propaganda for those same record companies; see the explanation.
- xenu.net has copious information about the Church of Scientology. exscientologykids.com provides advice to children that want to leave the church, including statements by former members.
- Copwatch.org: A database of citizen complaints against police.
- The Bush War Crimes Commission
- The Fully Informed Juror Association: what the judge won’t tell you if you are on a jury.
- Verified Voting pushes to make sure voting machines in the US are not vulnerable to massive centralized computerized fraud.
- WDM’s campaigns tackle the root causes of poverty–the policies of governments and business that keep people poor.
- Information on DNA profiling and the risk of false matches.
- Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
- Patriotic Posters.
- MoveOn, with over a million US members, works to defend world peace, human rights, democracy and the environment from the man who stole the US presidency.
- Advice for consumers on how to resist being influenced by advertising.
- Americans United for Separation of Church and State respect the right of all people to practice religion as they please without government interference.
- http://d.webring.com/hub?ring=stop_abuse: a webring for sites presenting tangible facts about human rights abuse, lack of enforcement, selective enforcement, abuse of power by executive or judicial branches, abuse of power by religious authorities, waste of natural resources, pollution, disinformation, discrimination, covering-up fraud or dangerous experiments, government corruption and sites proposing practical ways to improve the situation.
- www.mpp.org: the Marijuana Policy Project focuses on “removing criminal penalties for marijuana use, with a particular emphasis on making marijuana medically available to seriously ill people.”
- FAIR – the media watch group uses painstaking and careful statistics to document the bias of the mainstream media.
- WhiteHouseForSale.org tracks Dubya’s fund-raising.
I would like to thank:
- Positive Internet for sponsoring this web site.
- Victor Cortiano, Mark Eriksen, William Demchick, and John C. Vernaleo for installing new text.
- Mark Eriksen for providing the new search feature.
- Craig Metrolis for working on making pages valid html.
- Keith Goodman for typo corrects and proofing.
- John C. Vernaleo for helping to run the site.
- Graziano Sorbaioli for improving the layout of the main page.
Please send comments on these web pages to rms at gnu period org.
Copyright (c) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Richard Stallman
Verbatim copying and redistribution of this entire page are permitted provided this notice is preserved.
Verbatim copying and redistribution of any of the photos in the photos subdirectory is permitted under the Creative Commons Noderivs license version 3.0 or later. You can copy and redistribute the photo of me playing music to the butterfly under the Creative Commons Noderivs Nocommercial license version 3.0 or later. Any other photos of me in this (the toplevel) directory may be copied and redistributed under the Creative Commons Noderivs license version 3.0 or later.
à faire circuler largement, merci, le monde est déjà meilleur grâce à ce simple geste de solidarité.